Eastern Victoria Geoscience Initiative

Trucks driving through Victorian Alps

The Eastern Victoria Geoscience Initiative began mapping the Victorian component of the Southeast Lachlan Crustal Transect in 2018. The aim of the project is to improve understanding of southeast Australia’s underlying geological ‘architecture’ from the surface to approximately 60 kilometres deep within the Earth.

The Initiative includes the acquisition of fundamental geoscience datasets and applied geoscientific research. The findings will assist government to make better informed land management decisions to benefit the community, identify natural geological hazards, protect state infrastructure and manage earth resources.

The scientific results of Victoria’s project will be married up with results from a similar operation in southeast New South Wales, providing a key geological reference for southeast Australia in terms of the geology and how it has evolved over the past 500 million years. Read more about the geology of eastern Victoria.

Mapping the Southeast Lachlan Crustal Transect is a collaborative effort; it involves the Geological Survey of Victoria, Geoscience Australia, the Geological Survey of New South Wales and AuScope Limited (utilising funds provided via the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy).

An essential component of the scientific research program across Victoria and New South Wales is the collection and interpretation of deep crustal seismic reflection data through the Australian Alps.

A preliminary interpretation of the deep crustal seismic data is currently being developed by project partners. It incorporates geological observations and knowledge obtained over the past 60 years. The interpretation will then be strengthened by new geoscience data from recent ground gravity and magnetotelluric surveys along the survey route and will be presented as a final interpretation incorporating a new 3D geological model for southeast Australia.

Watch the Beneath the Australian Alps film

The Geological Survey of Victoria commissioned a short film describing the seismic surveying activities and preliminary geological interpretation.

Watch the Beneath the Australian Alps film on Youtube.

Southeast Lachlan Crustal Transect

Geological survey work across the Southeast Lachlan Crustal Transect is being conducted in the eastern highlands of Victoria and in southeast New South Wales; from Benalla, Victoria to east of Cooma, NSW and from Benambra, Victoria to near Eden, NSW. The routes for completed and planned surveys are marked on the map below.

Map of eastern Victoria and southern New South Wales showing the locations of completed and planned surveys across the Southeast Lachlan Crustal Transect

The survey routes follow local roads and tracks, passing through Crown land, some national parks, and a small number of private properties. Arrangements are made with property owners and land managers on a case-by-case basis prior to any ground activities taking place.

Surveying and results

The fundamental regional geoscience datasets acquired across the Southeast Lachlan Crustal Transect will enable researchers to better understand the underlying geological 'architecture' of eastern Victoria, with further surveying work planned for 2020. These datasets include:

Experienced specialist contractors will carry out these surveys under the supervision of the project partners.

Survey results from the Eastern Victoria Geoscience Initiative will be incorporated into existing state and national public geoscience databases. All survey results, data compilations, interpretations and new models will be made publicly available on this website and the Geoscience Australia website.

Southeast Lachlan Deep Crustal Seismic Reflection Survey

Raw and processed data from the Southeast Lachlan Deep Crustal Seismic Reflection Survey are available from Geoscience Australia as L208 Southeast Lachlan Seismic Survey 2018.

A detailed report describing the Southeast Lachlan Deep Crustal Seismic Reflection Survey data acquisition and preliminary interpretation is being prepared by the project partners as:

CAYLEY, R.A., SKLADZIEN, P.B., CAIRNS, C.P., HAYDON, S.J., MCLEAN, M.A., TAYLOR, D.H., FOMIN, T., COSTELLOE, R.D., KIRKBY, A.L., DUAN, J., DOUBLIER, M.P., MUSGRAVE, R.J., STOLZ, E.M., SPAMPINATO, G., GILMORE, P.G., GREENFIELD, J.E. & RAWLING, T.J., In Prep. Preliminary geological interpretation of deep 2D seismic reflection survey lines 18GA-SL1, 18GA-SL2 and 18GA-SL3 undertaken as part of the Southeast Lachlan Crustal Transect. Geological Survey of Victoria, Geological Survey of New South Wales.

The report and summary of findings will be available from this website.

Southeast Lachlan Ground Gravity Survey

Survey results from the Southeast Lachlan Ground Gravity Survey are available from Geoscience Australia as South East Lachlan Gravity point data.

A report describing survey operations is currently being prepared by the project partners.

Is this research looking for mineral deposits or petroleum resources?

This research is not looking for mineral deposits. It is being conducted to improve scientific understanding of the regional geology and of how it has evolved over time at a large scale. The survey techniques cannot directly detect minerals. However, minerals such as gold are known in parts of the region and the results of the research may potentially provide a larger context for how these mineral deposits might have formed over time.

The areas to be surveyed are not prospective for oil, gas, or coal. These resources require a different type of geology that is not present in northeast Victoria.

The research has nothing to do with unconventional gas or fracking, which have been banned in Victoria.

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Page last updated: 14 Oct 2022