Carbon capture and storage is gaining momentum worldwide. As of December 2019, there were 51 CCS facilities globally:
- 19 in operation
- 4 under construction
- 28 in various stages of development
Together, these facilities represent an estimated capture capacity of 96 million tonnes of CO2 each year. That’s almost 100 million tonnes of CO2 being removed from the world’s atmosphere.
The new CCS projects cover a range of applications including:
- ethanol production
- direct air capture
- ammonia production
- integrated commercial storage hubs.
Chevron’s Gorgon Project in Western Australia is currently operating one of the largest CCS projects in the world, storing CO2 approximately 2.5km below their LNG facility and a domestic gas plant on Barrow Island.
CCS network projects similar to CarbonNet are underway around the world, including:
- Northern Lights project in Norway.
- Net Zero Teesside in England
- Porthos in the Netherlands
Northern Lights, Norway
The Northern Lights project is part of the Norwegian full-scale CCS project, which includes capture of CO2 from industrial capture sources in the Oslo-fjord region (cement and waste-to-energy) and shipping of liquid CO2 from these industrial capture sites to an onshore terminal on the Norwegian west coast. From there, the liquified CO2 will be transported by pipeline to an offshore storage location deep under the seabed in the North Sea, for permanent storage.
The full-scale project is a result of the Norwegian government’s ambition to develop a full-scale CCS value chain in Norway by 2024.
Located in the major port city of Rotterdam, Porthos could store between two and five million tonnes of CO2 per annum in depleted offshore gas fields. A decision on the realisation of the project is expected to be made by the end of 2020.
Like CarbonNet, Porthos aims to develop CO2 transport and storage infrastructure into which multiple parties can connect and supply CO2. There is significant interest in the project from the European Union.
Net Zero Teesside, England
In early 2020 BP, Eni, Equinor, Shell and Total formed a consortium to accelerate the development of the Net Zero Teesside CCS project in the North East of England.
Like CarbonNet, Net Zero Teesside will decarbonise local industry by building a transportation and storage system to gather industrial CO2, compress it and store it safely in a geological reservoir under the North Sea.
Net Zero Teesside will play a key role in helping the UK reach its net zero 2050 greenhouse gas emissions target while delivering an annual gross benefit of up to £450 million for the Teesside region and the support of up to 5,500 direct jobs.
Find about other CCS projects on the Global CCS Institute website.
Page last updated: 25 Nov 2020