Geology & exploration

Access information on Victoria's geology, including geoscience data and maps, plus exploration incentives and opportunities.

Learn how the Geological Survey of Victoria (GSV) supports Victoria's earth resources industry by collecting and providing geoscience data and advice.

Victoria's geology

Victoria has a rich supply of earth resources including gold, oil and gas, mineral sands, base metals and brown coal.

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Geological Survey of Victoria

The Geological Survey of Victoria (GSV) is the Victorian Government’s geoscience agency.

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Industry and investment

Victoria offers many opportunities for investing in our plentiful mineral resources industry.

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Maps, reports and data

Browse through GSV's range of maps, reports and data.

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Minerals

Victoria is a rich source of various mineral deposits including gold and mineral sands (zircon, rutile and ilmenite).

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Quarry materials

Victoria is growing quickly with demand for extractives (quarry materials) set to double between 2015 and 2050 as we continue to build new infrastructure.

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Gemstones

A gemstone or gem (also called a precious or semi-precious stone) is a piece of attractive mineral, which when cut and polished is used to make jewellery or other ornaments.

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Oil and gas

Victoria's thriving oil and gas industry fuels our economy and jobs growth. The Gippsland Basin alone boasts two thirds of Australia's all-time oil production and one third of its gas.

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Geothermal energy

Geothermal energy is clean, reliable and renewable. It comes from naturally occurring heat within hot rocks and water reservoirs below the earth’s surface.

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Carbon capture and storage

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) or geosequestration is the capturing of carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial processes and storing it securely in rocks deep underground.

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Coal

Billions of tonnes of brown coal or lignite exist in Victoria across the south east and south west of the state.

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