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Land access rules

Permitted areas in certain parks under the National Parks Act

Prospecting is permitted in designated areas in the following parks:

  • Beechworth Historic Park
  • Castlemaine Diggings National Heritage Park
  • Chiltern-Mt Pilot National Park
  • Enfield State Park
  • Greater Bendigo National Park
  • Heathcote-Graytown National Park
  • Kara Kara National Park
  • Kooyoora State Park
  • Paddys Ranges State Park
  • Reef Hills State Park
  • Steiglitz Historic Park
  • Warrandyte State Park

Fossicking only for gemstones is permitted in designated areas in the following parks:

  • Cape Liptrap Coastal Park
  • Kooyoora State Park
  • Mornington Peninsula National Park
  • Great Otway National Park
  • Warby-Ovens National Park

For further information on these permitted areas, please use the contacts listed or visit Parks Victoria.

Land access rules in summary

When accessing land, it is important to be respectful and sensitive to other persons with an interest in the land, and cooperate with each other.

When accessing land for recreational prospecting, the following rules apply.

Type of Land Land Access Rules
Allowed with no consent
Crown land other than prohibited Crown land and land where consent is required Consent is not required from the Crown land manager, although if in doubt, you are encouraged to confirm with the land manager.
Permitted Areas in Certain Parks under the National Parks Act Consent is not required.
Allowed with consent
Private land Consent must be sought from the land owner or occupier.
Mining, prospecting or retention licence areas, but not exploration licence areas (other than Crown land where recreational prospecting is banned - see below) Consent must be sought from the licence holder.  This consent is additional to any other requirements in this table. These licence types can be found on Mining Licences Near Me.
Commonwealth land Need to check with the Commonwealth land manager.
Banned
Prohibited Crown land Recreational prospecting is banned in certain areas of Crown land (see definition of Prohibited Crown land below).
Exempted rivers, streams and creeks Recreational prospecting is banned in these areas (see definition of Exempted Rivers, Streams and Creeks below).

Consents

Consents may be subject to conditions and may be withdrawn at any time by the person who granted it.

Prohibited Crown land 

Prohibited Crown land is land where recreational prospecting is banned and includes land that is:

  • a park under the National Parks Act 1975 including land that is a national, wilderness, State or other park or reserve or a marine national park or marine sanctuary, except in designated areas of specific parks under that Act (see Permitted Areas in Certain Parks under the National Parks Act);
  • a declared area for ongoing protection under the Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006;
  • a reference area under the Reference Areas Act 1978;
  • a Deep Lead Nature Conservation Reserve (No. 2) under the Crown Land (Reserves) Act 1978;
  • an area exempted by the Minister for Energy and Resources or Minister for Environment, Climate Change and Water; or
  • an area exempted from recreational prospecting or an extractive industry or otherwise exempted under the Mineral Resources (Sustainable Development) Act 1990 or any other Act.

There may be exceptions within the areas listed above which Crown land managers can advise on. If there is any doubt about these rules, prospectors are strongly encouraged to seek clarification from the relevant authorities listed in the contacts provided here.

Exempted rivers, streams and creeks

View the list of exempted rivers, streams and creeks.